Models of Information Processes in Crisis Management

1. Higher education: 5. Technical sciences

2. Professional field: 5.2 Electrical engineering, electronics and automation

3. Doctoral program: Automated systems for information processing and management

4. Form of training: part-time (officer, civil servant or citizen outside the system of the Ministry of Defense, SPAM and BA)

5. Applicant: Defense Institute "Professor Tsvetan Lazarov"

6. Primary Unit: "Command, Control, Navigation, Sensor, Surveillance and Radioelectronics Systems"

7. Accepting structural unit: Development of C4I Systems Directorate

8. Actuality and Disserability of the Suggested Scientific Problem:

Specialized information systems as an information product are an essential tool to help the command-line staff in the crisis management process of a different nature. By looking at a similar information system in the essence of a software development product, several independent implementation approaches can be differentiated. Regardless of the specifics of an explored approach to realization, there should undoubtedly be a computerized geographic information system (GIS), a simulation system, a dedicated calculation module.

GIS offers solutions for storing, processing, analyzing, and presenting geospatial data. In terms of crisis management, GIS finds application for planning and simulation of forces and operations in institutions involved in the protection of the population in disasters, accidents and catastrophes. In the field of security and defense, GIS is a major software module on which the existing C4I systems are built. Simulation systems are the basis of logistics planning and time schedules, as well as specialized computing modules to cover a wide range of tasks, from the primary processing of sensor data to ballistic analyzes.

The actuality of the study is determined by the fact that in the structures of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences and in the departments dealing with crisis management are found in the arming and exploitation specialized information modules performing similar or overlapping functions and not always working in sync.

The desirability of the study is determined by the need to create a classification of the classes of tasks for "Specialized Information Systems in the Crisis Management Process", selection of a basic software platform, research of methods of information interaction and creation of a methodology for functional tests and proof of the availability of specialized software products.

The aim of the study is to propose a classification and methodology for selection of a basic software platform of a specialized information system with reliable application for the purposes of crisis management.

Expected results:

To propose a classification of the classes of tasks solved by a specialized information system for crisis management;

To offer a methodology for functional testing and selection of specialized software products from the composition of the Specialized Information System in the Crisis Management Process;

Assess the risk of applying specialized software products for crisis management purposes.

The results of the study will be able to be applied in building an architecture of composite information systems with different components to be accepted for armament and exploitation in the structures of the Bulgarian Academy of Science and the institutions responsible for crisis management.